PM Anwar promises to work for free until Malaysia recovers

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

https://www.nationthailand.com/blogs/world/asean/40022799

PM Anwar promises to work for free until Malaysia recovers

PM Anwar promises to work for free until Malaysia recovers

TUESDAY, DECEMBER 06, 2022

Anwar Ibrahim has announced that he will not get paid a salary, both as prime minister and as finance minister.

Meanwhile, Anwar said, other ministers have also agreed to a 20% pay cut until the country’s economy recovers.

Rubbishing speculation that he will be paid as finance minister even though he has refused to be paid for the top job, Anwar said he will not be taking any wages from the government.

This was in line with the promise he made while campaigning for votes.

During the election campaign, Anwar had promised voters that he would not take a salary if he was elected as premier because people themselves were struggling to cope with rising costs.

“Some people say I’m not taking the prime minister’s salary because I’m the finance minister. That’s not true, there is only one salary,” he said, laughing off the claims.

The Members of Parliament Act only allows ministers, deputy ministers or political secretaries just one salary.

As for ministers’ pay cut, he said it was their way of acknowledging the tough times faced by the citizens.

“The pay cut will be implemented for as long as Malaysia continues to recover economically. It shows the ministers are also concerned about the livelihood of the public,” he said.

Asked if the pay cut would be carried out throughout the government’s five-year tenure, he simply said that it could range from three to five years, depending on the situation.

The Star

Asia News Network

ANN news highlights: Tue, Dec 6, 2022

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

https://www.nationthailand.com/world/asia-pacific/40022793

Tuesday, December 6, 2022

Tuesday, December 6, 2022

TUESDAY, DECEMBER 06, 2022

Check out what’s hot in the region as The Nation puts together headlines from members of Asia News Network (ANN). Click to read more:

ANN news highlights: Tue, Dec 6, 2022
Bringing Asia Closer

Energy Pakistan
Russia to provide petrol, diesel to Pakistan at discounted rates: minister – Dawn
https://www.dawn.com/news/1724809

State Minister for Petroleum Musadik Malik announced on Monday that Russia has decided to provide crude oil, petrol, and diesel to Pakistan at discounted rates.

Obituary China
Final farewell to a beloved leader – China Daily

Jiang Zemin honored by top leaders, family, members of public amid solemn scenes in Beijing

Covid-19 China
More cities optimize COVID control measures – China Daily

More Chinese cities have adjusted their COVID-19 measures to facilitate people resuming work and social activities, as members of the public are being asked to take greater responsibility to protect their own health.

Politics Malaysia
PM: Serious lapses detected involving use of RM600bil funds by Muhyiddin’s govt – The Star

There were several serious lapses in the alleged RM600bil expenditure during Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin’s term as prime minister, says Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim

Scams
India
Cyber fraud syndicate duping job seekers busted, four held – The Statesman
An international syndicate of cyber frauds operating from Dubai and targeting unemployed youths on the pretext of providing work from home (WFH) in E-commerce Amazon Company has been busted by a cyber police team of North District in Delhi.

Malaysia
RM3bil lost, but scam is still on | The Star

Call it Zuttelo or Solaris – it’s still an online investment scam, one that has become a bane to society and must be wiped out.


Democracy Bangladesh
Opinion: Democracy Day 2022: Three decades of backsliding from pledges for democracy | The Daily Star

Thirty-two years have gone by since our national leaders made a pledge to make Bangladesh a democracy where the fundamental rights of the people would be protected, and the judiciary’s independence and neutrality and the rule of law would be guaranteed. Laws contrary to fundamental rights would be scrapped. Their core pledge was to establish a sovereign parliament elected through a free and fair election.

South China Sea
Opinion: Chinese cooperation to extract our EEZ wealth | Inquirer 

President Bongbong Marcos (PBBM) appears frustrated at China’s intransigence in blocking the past administration’s effort to extract the oil and gas resources in our exclusive economic zone (EEZ) in the South China Sea (SCS), saying our government may abandon government-to-government (G2G) talks and “find other ways” to address this “small matter to China [which] for us, is something huge. So, we need to fight for it and benefit from it…”
 

Economy Philippines
Gov’t cuts economic growth forecast for 2023 to 6-7% | Inquirer 

The Philippine government’s economic managers on Monday lowered the growth outlook for 2023, following a year of record-high inflation and the substantial weakening of the local currency.

 

Business S Korea 
Big firms hold back on investment plans for 2023: survey – Korea Herald

Nearly half of the nation’s top 500 companies by sales have yet to come up with investment plans for next year, amid recession fears on more rate hikes and a strong US dollar, a survey showed Monday.

Finance HK
HK to bolster role as global risk management hub | China Daily
Hong Kong will integrate the city’s insurance sector with national development, riding on the country’s “dual circulation” strategy to bolster the special administrative region’s role as an international risk management centre.

Auto China
Nation’s auto manufacturers focus on wider Asian market – China Daily
Asia is emerging after Europe as a new market for China-made new energy vehicles, attracting Chinese carmakers to introduce their cutting-edge products and scale up investment in the region.

Business S Korea 
Marketing specialist named Samsung’s first female president outside founding family – Korea Herald

Samsung Electronics on Monday appointed a female president, it’s first who is not a member of the founding family, in a year-end reshuffle that put emphasis on elevating young leaders based on their performances.

Jobs Singapore
Staying open to foreign talent helps ensure long-term economic growth: Chee Hong Tat – Straits Times

Singapore needs to remain open to foreign talent to ensure the economy continues to grow over the longer term and there is more for everyone to share, said Mr Chee Hong Tat, Senior Minister of State for Finance and Transport.

Export Laos
Laos to become 4th country in the world in potassium exports – Vientiane Times

SINO-AGRI POTASH CO., LTD. reported that Laos would be at the top level in the world in the near future after the company recently signed a potassium exploration agreement with the government.

Marketing specialist named Samsung’s first female president outside founding family

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

https://www.nationthailand.com/blogs/world/asia-pacific/40022789

Marketing specialist named Samsung’s first female president outside founding family

Marketing specialist named Samsung’s first female president outside founding family

TUESDAY, DECEMBER 06, 2022

Samsung Electronics on Monday appointed a female president, its first who is not a member of the founding family, in a year-end reshuffle that put emphasis on elevating young leaders based on their performances.

Lee Young-hee, now president and head of global marketing, is a veteran marketer who joined Samsung in 2007 after serving in various roles at global companies, including Unilever and L’Oreal.

The 58-year-old is known for playing a leading role in elevating the awareness of Samsung’s flagship smartphone brand Galaxy globally.

“Lee has made great contributions to fostering the brand value of Samsung, bringing its focus to customer value and experience,” Samsung said in a statement. “As the first female president, she is expected to breathe fresh air into the company.”

Together with Lee, Samsung also promoted six other executive vice presidents to president, most of them being tech specialists, especially in the field of semiconductors.

Kim Woo-june, senior vice president in charge of products and business strategy, was promoted to president and head of network business in recognition of his leadership in the areas of sales, technology and strategy. Kim, 54, is the youngest figure to be promoted in the latest reshuffle.

Head of global manufacturing of semiconductor business Nam Seok-woo was promoted to president, having proved his skills by leading the process development and manufacturing of all of the company’s memory chip products.

With the outlook grim for the next year’s semiconductor market, Samsung promoted Song Jae-hyuk, vice president and head of the Semiconductor R&D Center, to president. Song contributed to fostering the company’s competitiveness in semiconductor technology, and for the company to reach the top position in the global memory chip market, Samsung added.

Baek Su-hyeon was promoted to lead the communications team, while Park Seung-hee, former communications chief of Samsung C&T, was named as new head of corporate relations.

Baek, based on his career background in journalism, is credited for enhancing communications in and outside the company.

In a move to bolster responsiveness to China issues, Samsung also promoted Greg Yang, a China expert, to lead Samsung’s Chinese office. Having served several manager positions on China sales, Yang has led Samsung’s expansion in China, the company said.

Paul (Kyung-whoon) Cheun, president and general management of the network business unit of the smartphone and home appliance business division, called DX or digital experience.

Sebastian Seung, president and head of Samsung Research became the head of global R&D cooperation of Samsung Research, the company’s research and development centre.

For some time, Samsung is expected to maintain its co-CEO system, under which Vice Chairman Han Jong-hee oversees smartphone and home appliance businesses, while Vice Chairman Kyung Kye-hyun handles its semiconductor business, called DS or digital solution division.

Monday’s executive reshuffle is the first of its kind since Chairman Lee Jae-yong took the top seat last month. The Samsung chief is said to be visiting the United Arab Emirates this week to attend a private forum hosted by the kingdom’s de facto ruler Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

The Korea Herald

Asia News Network

Russia says three killed in Ukrainian drone attacks on two of its air bases

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

https://www.nationthailand.com/world/russia-central-asia/40022788

Russia says three killed in Ukrainian drone attacks on two of its air bases

Russia says three killed in Ukrainian drone attacks on two of its air bases

TUESDAY, DECEMBER 06, 2022

Russia said on Monday that three of its military personnel were killed in what it said were Ukrainian drone attacks on two Russian air bases hundreds of miles from the front lines in Ukraine.

Ukraine did not directly claim responsibility. If it did carry out the attacks, they were the deepest military strikes it has conducted inside the Russian heartland since the start of what Moscow calls “special military operation” on Feb. 24.

One of the targets, the Engels air base near the city of Saratov, houses bomber planes that are part of Russia’s strategic nuclear forces.

“The Kyiv regime, in order to disable Russian long-range aircraft, made attempts to strike with Soviet-made unmanned jet aerial vehicles at the military airfields Dyagilevo, in the Ryazan region, and Engels, in the Saratov region,” the Russian defence ministry said.

It said the drones, flying at low altitudes, were intercepted by air defences and shot down. The wreckage caused slight damage to two aircraft, it said, and four people were wounded.

The ministry called it a “terrorist act” aimed at disrupting its long-range aviation.

Despite that, it said, Russia responded with a “massive strike on the military control system and related objects of the defences complex, communication centres, energy and military units of Ukraine with high-precision air- and sea-based weapons” in which it said all 17 designated targets were hit.

Ukraine said it shot down more than 60 of over 70 missiles launched by Russia on Monday – the latest in weeks of attacks targeting its critical infrastructure that have cut off power, heat and water to many parts of the country.

Russia’s RIA news agency said the three deaths occurred at the air base in Ryazan, 185 km (115 miles) southeast of Moscow.

The other base that was hit was Engels, near the city of Saratov, about 730 km southeast of Moscow. It is one of two strategic bomber bases housing Russia’s air-delivered nuclear capability, the other being in Amur region in the Russian Far East.

Russia has 60 to 70 strategic bomber planes of two types: the Tu-95MS Bear and the Tu-160 Blackjack. Both are capable of carrying nuclear bombs and nuclear-armed cruise missiles.

Saratov is at least 600 km from the nearest Ukrainian-held territory. Russian commentators noted on social media that if Ukraine could strike that far inside Russia, it may also be capable of hitting Moscow.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters at a morning briefing that President Vladimir Putin was aware of the incidents, but declined further comment.

Ukrainian officials acknowledged the incidents on social media with tongue-in-cheek comments.

Presidential adviser Mykhailo Podolyak wrote on Twitter: “If something is launched into other countries’ airspace, sooner or later unknown flying objects will return to (their) departure point.”

Ukraine has previously demonstrated the ability to strike strategic Russian targets far beyond the 1,100 km-long front lines in the south and eastern Ukraine.

In August, at least seven Russian warplanes were destroyed by explosions at a Russian airbase on the southwest coast of Russian-annexed Crimea.

Ukraine did not publicly claim responsibility for that, or for a spate of explosions at sites such as weapons stores and fuel depots in Russian regions close to the border with Ukraine.

Reuters

Ropes on climbing routes litter Mount Everest

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

https://www.nationthailand.com/blogs/world/asia-pacific/40022786

Ropes on climbing routes litter Mount Everest

Ropes on climbing routes litter Mount Everest

TUESDAY, DECEMBER 06, 2022

Record-setting mountaineer Kami Rita Sherpa didn’t find any fixed ropes in the “death zone” on Mt Everest when he climbed the peak in the spring. Sherpa, who holds the world record for summiting 8,000-metre mountains an astounding 39 times, knows the value of the ropes for climbers crawling up the frozen slopes.

Every year, expert sherpas fix hundreds of kilograms of ropes leading to the top of the Himalayan peaks to help climbers following them. But what happens to these nylon ropes after the end of the mountaineering season?

“They are usually left on the mountain,” said Himal Pandit, training coordinator at the Nepal Mountain Academy established by the Tourism Ministry.

“Around 400 kg of plastic ropes are left on the mountain every year, and they remain there for decades. There is no policy to bring them down, and this has been polluting the mountains,” he said, speaking at the International Sustainable Mountain Tourism Conference in Kathmandu on Thursday.

Everest is a cash cow for the government. Climbers pump billions into Nepal’s economy annually. Around 60,000 trekkers visit Everest base camp alone to gaze in awe at the world’s highest peak, energising the economy all along the trail. But the government has no policy to keep the mountain clean, observers say.

Kami Rita, who has been climbing since 1994, told the Post, “In the past, if we saw any ropes, we would bring them down to the base camp and pass them around. They are good for tying yaks and cows. “I don’t know how much rope lies buried on the peak. It could be a lot.”

Pandit has been doing research on mountain pollution caused by plastic ropes. He has interviewed more than 20 high-altitude climbing sherpas.

“The sherpas say it’s not their responsibility to remove the ropes by risking their lives. We have estimated that there are ropes from 30 to 40 years ago. The government has a policy to fix the ropes, but there is no clear policy to remove them.”

According to Pandit, around 50 tonnes of ropes are estimated to lie buried under the snow on different mountains of Nepal.

There are risks in bringing the ropes down in the same season. “Besides, sherpas are not paid to bring them back. They are paid to fix the ropes only,” said Kami Rita.

“So it’s the responsibility of the sherpas who fix the ropes the following year to bring down the old ropes.”

According to Kami Rita, the rope-fixing team can’t wait for an expedition to finish. So the ropes are either blown away by the wind or swept down by avalanches and lie buried under the snow.

Dambar Parajuli, president of the Expedition Operators Association of Nepal, says ropes are fixed on Everest in two different systems.

From the Khumbu Icefall at the head of the Khumbu Glacier at 5,486 metres to Camp II at 6,400 metres, the ropes are fixed by icefall doctors deployed by the Sagarmatha Pollution Control Committee, a community-based NGO.

The committee charges $600 per climber for the service. These ropes are normally removed.

For the section from Camp II to the summit at 8,848.86 metres, the Expedition Operators Association of Nepal calls for applications from the expedition companies to fix the ropes.

“This system was introduced in 2014, but it was only fully implemented in 2016,” said Parajuli. “Before that, ropes used to be fixed through mutual understanding between the expedition operators.”

The operators had to contribute sherpas and logistics to fix the ropes.

According to Parajuli, it costs more than Rs10 million to fix the ropes, and on Everest, around 1,300 metres of rope is required. Beal climbing ropes are normally used for climbing.

Parajuli says they have a clear contract with the expedition operator who wins the contract to bring back the old ropes while fixing a new set.

“To avoid confusion about which is which, we use ropes of a different colour every year. If we have used red ropes in 2021, we use yellow ropes in 2022,” he said.

According to him, removing the ropes is a super difficult task. “It’s almost impossible to search, dig and fasten them. And we can’t risk a sherpa’s life. So, they are left on the mountain.”

Ropes on climbing routes litter Mount EverestThe litter left behind by visitors has long been a burden on the Everest region. Hundreds of mountaineers, sherpas, guides and other high altitude porters bound for Everest leave behind tonnes of both biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste, like empty oxygen canisters, bottles, ropes, kitchen waste and faecal matter, polluting the area and settlements downstream.

Plastic is a non-biodegradable material and most plastic is made from fossil fuels. If burnt, it poisons the air; if buried, it pollutes the soil. Plastic has been creeping up the mountains due to the increasing number of mountain climbers, mostly on the world’s highest peak Everest.

A conservative estimate puts the average time for one single plastic bag to completely biodegrade at 500 years.

A sherpa earns Rs900,000 to Rs1 million fixing ropes on Everest. It takes five to six days, depending on the weather. The expedition organiser says the old ropes mark the route which is a help to the rope fixers.

Over the years, plastic has created havoc in the Everest region. The trek from Lukla to Everest base camp has long been referred to as “garbage of toilet paper”. There is a big problem of human waste in the Khumbu area, and it has been polluting the water for people living downstream.

Nearly 60,000 trekkers travel to Khumbu annually, leaving behind massive pollution.

There is a government rule requiring every climber to bring back at least 8 kg of garbage—the amount of trash estimated to be produced by one climber—but it hasn’t been very effective.

“Garbage on the mountain is challenging, but it is a solvable problem. There is a solution,” said Alton C Byers, a mountain geographer, conservationist and mountaineer, while presenting a paper entitled “Notes from the Field: Contemporary Social and Physical Changes in Nepal’s High Mountains” at Thursday’s conference.

“Two decades ago, when I visited Khumbu, there was no garbage in any village,” said Byers, a professor at the University of Colorado. “Now, due to modern life, plastics are everywhere. Every food and beverage comes in plastic.”

He said that tourism in Khumbu had grown tremendously, and along with that the number of lodges is growing and growing. “This brings garbage.”

Since January 2020, Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality in Solukhumbu district has banned the use of plastic bags, bottles and other plastic items, citing their adverse effects on human health, especially in the Everest region. The use of plastic bags of less than 30 microns has been prohibited.

“But plastic is climbing up the mountain. This is a serious issue,” said Buddhi Sagar Lamichhane, joint secretary at the Tourism Ministry. “I hope the issue will get traction.”

G7 price cap on Russian oil kicks in, Russia will only sell at market price

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

https://www.nationthailand.com/world/russia-central-asia/40022785

G7 price cap on Russian oil kicks in, Russia will only sell at market price

G7 price cap on Russian oil kicks in, Russia will only sell at market price

MONDAY, DECEMBER 05, 2022

The Group of Seven price cap on Russian seaborne oil came into force on Monday as the West tries to limit Moscow’s ability to finance its war in Ukraine, but Russia has said it will not abide by the measure even if it has to cut production.

The price cap, to be enforced by the G7, the European Union and Australia, comes on top of the EU’s embargo on imports of Russian crude by sea and similar pledges by the United States, Canada, Japan and Britain.

It allows Russian oil to be shipped to third-party countries using G7 and EU tankers, insurance companies and credit institutions, only if the cargo is bought at or below the price cap.

Because the world’s key shipping and insurance firms are based in G7 countries, the cap could make it difficult for Moscow to sell its oil for a higher price.

Russia, the world’s second-largest oil exporter, said on Sunday it would not accept the cap and would not sell oil that is subject to it, even if it has to cut production.

Selling oil and gas to Europe has been one of the main sources of Russian foreign currency earnings since Soviet geologists found oil and gas in the swamps of Siberia in the decades after World War Two.

A source who asked not to be identified due to the sensitivity of the situation told Reuters that a decree was being prepared to prohibit Russian companies and traders from interacting with countries and companies guided by the cap.

In essence, such a decree would ban the export of oil and petroleum products to countries and companies that apply it.

Still, with the price cap set at $60 per barrel, not much below the $67 level where it closed on Friday (December 2), the EU and G7 countries expect Russia will still have the incentive to continue selling oil at that price while accepting smaller profits.

The level of the cap is to be reviewed by the EU and the G7 every two months, with the first such review in mid-January.

“This review should take into account … the effectiveness of the measure, its implementation, international adherence and alignment, the potential impact on coalition members and partners, and market developments,” the European Commission said in a statement.

The cap on crude will be followed by a similar measure affecting Russian petroleum products that will come into force on Feb. 5, though the level of that cap has not yet been determined.

Putin drives across Crimean bridge damaged in October blast

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

https://www.nationthailand.com/world/russia-central-asia/40022784

Putin drives across Crimean bridge damaged in October blast

Putin drives across Crimean bridge damaged in October blast

MONDAY, DECEMBER 05, 2022

President Vladimir Putin on Monday drove a Mercedes across the Crimean Bridge linking southern Russia to the annexed Crimean peninsula, less than two months since an explosion tore through one of the Kremlin chief’s showcase infrastructure projects.

The 12-mile (19 km) road and rail bridge, which was personally opened by Putin in 2018, was bombed on October 8 in an attack Russia said was carried out by Ukraine.

Putin, accompanied by Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin, was shown on state television behind the wheel of a Mercedes, asking questions about where the attack took place.

Putin also walked along parts of the bridge, Europe’s largest, to inspect sections that are still visibly scorched.

Ukraine never claimed responsibility for the bombing of the bridge on the morning of October 8, a day after Putin’s 70th birthday. Russia’s Federal Security Service said the attack was organised by Ukrainian military intelligence.

The explosion wrecked one section of the road bridge, temporarily halting traffic across the Kerch Strait. The blast also destroyed several fuel tankers on a train heading towards the annexed Crimean peninsula from neighbouring southern Russia.

Russia in 2014 annexed Crimea, which was transferred from Soviet Russia to Soviet Ukraine in 1954 by then-Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev and recognised by Russia in 1994 after the collapse of the USSR.

Putin drives across Crimean bridge damaged in October blast

Ukraine has vowed to return Crimea, which relies on the bridge for supplies.

Putin’s ally Arkady Rotenberg’s company built the vast structure, which is Europe’s longest bridge. Putin has long lauded the project, boasting at one point that Russian Tsars and Soviet leaders had dreamed of building it but never did.

ANN news highlights: Mon, Dec 5, 2022

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

https://www.nationthailand.com/world/asia-pacific/40022774

Monday, December 5, 2022

Monday, December 5, 2022

MONDAY, DECEMBER 05, 2022

Check out what’s hot in the region as The Nation puts together headlines from members of Asia News Network (ANN). Click to read more:

ANN news highlights: Mon, Dec 5, 2022
Bringing Asia Closer

Energy Japan
Power-saving winter starts for households, businesses – The Japan News

A power-saving period started Dec. 1, with the government asking households and businesses across the nation to conserve electricity during the winter. The period is set to end in March next year.

Vocano Indonesia
Indonesia’s Mount Semeru volcano erupts, top alert status triggered | AFP for Borneo Bulletin

Indonesia’s Mount Semeru erupted yesterday spewing hot ash clouds a mile into the sky and sending rivers of lava down its side, sparking the evacuation of nearly 2,000 people exactly one year after its last major eruption killed dozens.

Covid-19 China
——————————
China further relaxes Covid-19 rules despite high infection numbers – Straits Times

Some Chinese cities further eased Covid-19 measures over the weekend, including scrapping test result checks at some places, in yet another sign that China is setting the stage for moving towards co-existing with the virus.

Urumqi lifts more COVID-19 restrictions – China Daily

The Grand Bazaar pedestrian street in Urumqi, capital of the Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, and skiing resorts will open from Sunday as the city’s COVID-19 outbreak has been further contained, local government said.

China’s Xi unwilling to accept vaccines despite threat from protests | Reuters for Inquirer 

Chinese leader Xi Jinping is unwilling to accept Western vaccines despite the challenges China is facing with COVID-19, and while recent protests there are not a threat to Communist Party rule, they could affect his personal standing, U.S. Director of National Intelligence Avril Haines said on Saturday.

Myanmar Crisis 
7 students sentenced to death: UN | AFP for The Daily Star

The Myanmar junta handed out at least seven more death sentences this week, taking the tally of those on death row to 139, according to the United Nations.

A young woman beaten, shot dead, and was forced to make a confession that she was a “military informant,” according to a video circulating on social media  | Eleven Media

A video clip on social media showed a young woman who was beaten, forced to confess to being a “military informant,” and later shot dead on a pavement spread. 

Drones being deployed to monitor Bangladesh-Myanmar border | The Daily Star

The home ministry has decided to use drones to monitor the border between Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Indo-Pacific 
Calls for more US economic engagement in Indo-Pacific region at US security forum – Straits Times

Defence leaders at a security forum on Saturday lamented the United States’ lagging economic engagement in the Indo-Pacific region, noting that it failed to keep up with China and even risked undermining America’s security presence in Asia.

Taiwan
Japan-China joint poll: Half see Taiwan contingency as likely – The Japan News

Some 44.5% of respondents in Japan and 56.7% in China believe a military conflict in the Taiwan Strait is likely “within a few years” or “in the future,” a recent Japan-China joint public opinion poll has found.

Diplomacy Laos-China
Lao, Chinese presidents hold talks in Beijing, witness signing of cooperation deals – Vientiane Times

Secretary General of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party’s (LPRP) Central Committee and President Thongloun Sisoulith held talks with the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and Chinese President Xi Jinping in Beijing on November 30.

Asia Media Forum
Opinion: Lights, camera, action – on the world’s stage – The Star/ANN 

The global spotlight wouldn’t be anything new for Malaysia’s 10th Prime Minister.

Islam
Opinion: World Cup host Qatar seeks to change minds on Islam – Dawn

A professor of Sharia law at Qatar University says the World Cup should be used to counter Islamophobia.

World 
Opinion: The end of the world? (2) | Inquirer 

The worst polluters paying the most susceptible, poorer countries to adjust to a higher temperature world, called “the loss and damage agreement” was the only positive outcome of the conference, achieved after a tumultuous two-day extension. But, desirable as that is, it does little to reduce the pollution of the atmosphere. What is particularly worrying is that the rich countries had tried to keep this funding off the agenda, but they were forced into it.

City Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh City tasked to become Southeast Asia’s economic hub by 2030 – Vietnam News

Ho Chi Minh City is tasked to become a modern city that leads the country in digital economy and an economic hub of Southeast Asia by 2030.

Business S Korea
LG Chem to supply plant-based plastic first to Mattel – Korea Herald

LG Chem, South Korea’s leading chemical firm, said Sunday that it will launch a new acrylonitrile butadiene styrene product using plant-based raw materials, with the first batch being supplied to US toy manufacturer Mattel.

A year without hagwon, away from concrete jungle

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

https://www.nationthailand.com/blogs/world/asia-pacific/40022764

A year without hagwon, away from concrete jungle

A year without hagwon, away from concrete jungle

MONDAY, DECEMBER 05, 2022

The exchange program between children from Seoul and rural areas offers time to learn things textbooks can’t teach.

Childhood is no longer filled with dreams. Instead, it is beset by competition, pressure and anxiety, as more children are exposed to an overheated education environment from an early age.

But some students and their families are taking a step away from the heat, travelling south for a sabbatical at a countryside school.

The Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education, in charge of primary and secondary education in the capital city, has been encouraging students to try out a school life in the countryside.

The education office’s program invites elementary school students and first- and second-grade middle school students for a year in the rural area.

They can attend small countryside schools, either by moving with their parents, staying at a farmhouse or staying in a local dormitory.

As of November, 263 students have participated in the program, with 149 families signing up. Seventeen of them have been in the program for almost two years since it kicked off in early 2021.

“The future generation of students really have to perceive the world with ecological sensitivity,” Cho Hee-yeon, superintendent of the Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education, said Monday in an interview with The Korea Herald.

Though one may worry about providing education for their children outside of Seoul, the capital city filled with top schools and private education institutions, Cho is sure that is not the case. He believes public education in rural areas can fill the void.

Children at Cheontae Elementary School in Hwasun, South Jeolla Province (Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education)Children at Cheontae Elementary School in Hwasun, South Jeolla Province (Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education)

“With the COVID-19 pandemic, small schools in the countryside have an advantage as students can continue their studies regardless of the pandemic situation,” Cho said, referring to the way city schools had to switch to online schooling.

“Though the countryside may not be able to offer private education, students can learn to become more self-directed,” Cho said. “Also, as there are fewer students, teachers can pay more attention to each one. Some after-school classes are conducted one-on-one.”

Those who have participated in the program say they are thankful for the opportunity to leave the concrete jungle for a greener environment, try out new activities, such as insect observation, rice transplanting or even just playing with rocks.

“The best part about staying in Gokseong was experiencing nature,” Kim Mi-jin, a parent to two elementary school children who have been attending school from Gokseong, South Jeolla Province wrote in an essay book published by the Seoul education office.

“I hope that my children can grow up and visit Gokseong again to see how the trees they had planted earlier this year have grown, reminding them of our time here,” she wrote.

At small countryside schools, students are friends with everyone.

“It is so strange that I am friends with everyone at my school,” Han Yu-jin, a fifth-grade student who stayed in Hwasun, South Jeolla Province, wrote. “My friends in Seoul came to visit and were very jealous. I am thankful that my mom had the courage to move down here for us.”

The education office’s partnership with schools, which started out with South Jeolla Province, has expanded to North Jeolla Province, driven by the high demand from students and their families. From next year, it will include schools in Gangwon Province.

A year without hagwon, away from concrete jungle

For small countryside schools — with many on the verge of closing down due to decreasing number of students — students from Seoul keep the schools going. Students who did not have classmates earned the chance to make friends.

But as the program is one-sided, Cho is considering expanding the program both ways, starting by offering short-term stays in Seoul for students from rural areas.

Authorities are hoping the program can boost the local economies of rural areas. Unbalanced concentration in economic activities between Seoul and other regions has been a major problem in Korea.

In the end, Cho concedes that the school exchange program is a temporary measure. But he is hoping that some families stay. The countryside has fallen behind in terms of development, partly due to its low population level.

“The agenda is to make those who come for a short-term stay settle down. There are state-led efforts to help city people settle down in rural areas. But they have not been enough,” Cho said. “We are hoping there are students’ parents who considering settling down through experiencing the countryside.”

The Korean Herald 

Asia News Network

China increasing arms exports to Middle East and Eastern Europe

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.

https://www.nationthailand.com/world/china/40022762

China increasing arms exports to Middle East and Eastern Europe

China increasing arms exports to Middle East and Eastern Europe

MONDAY, DECEMBER 05, 2022

China is expanding its arms exports beyond Asia to the Middle East and Eastern Europe, potentially heightening its military influence while Russia is focused on its invasion of Ukraine and the United States is accelerating its weapons support for Ukraine.

According to data released in March by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, China’s arms exports from 2017 to 2021 accounted for 4.6% of the global total, making it the fourth largest arms exporter in the world after the United States, Russia and France.

The volume of China’s exports during this period decreased by 31% from the 2012-2016 period, possibly affected by the novel coronavirus pandemic. However, “Chinese arms capabilities have improved, and exports are expanding,” a diplomatic source in Beijing said.

According to a SIPRI report released in December, the combined arms sales of five Chinese companies in 2020 was an estimated $66.8 billion (about ¥8.69 trillion), up 4.6% from the previous year. Chinese companies had the second largest share of the global arms market after U.S. firms.

China’s largest export destination was Pakistan, which is at odds with India — 47% of China’s arms exports went to Pakistan from 2017 to 2021. By March this year, China had exported its J-10C fighter jets mounted with domestically produced engines to Pakistan for the first time, and last November, China delivered a state-of-the-art frigate.

China has a border dispute in Kashmir with India and is exporting arms to countries near India. Bangladesh, located to the east, was the second largest export destination, accounting for 16% of China’s arms exports over 2017 to 2021. China also sends military aircraft and other equipment to Myanmar.

Drones and missiles

According to the U.S. website Defense News, China has been exporting armed drones to Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Iraq and Jordan. The site notes that these drones have been used in conflict zones in countries including Libya and Yemen.

China’s exports grew by 290% to Saudi Arabia and by 77% to the UAE from the 2012-2016 period to the 2017-2021 period, SIPRI has said.

The Associated Press has reported that China delivered HQ-22 surface-to-air missile systems to Serbia in early April. The United States and Europe are concerned that such sales amid Russia’s invasion of Ukraine could lead to instability in the Balkans.

China increasing arms exports to Middle East and Eastern Europe

Unclear principles

China’s arms sales are expected to continue expanding, particularly to developing nations. A source familiar with the inner workings of the Chinese military told The Yomiuri Shimbun that “the Chinese military will further increase its domestic production of weapons and enhance their capabilities.”

The U.S. government has various conditions for arms exports, including considering whether the arms could be used to undermine human rights or to conduct genocide or other crimes against humanity.

Beijing, however, has only indicated three conditions: The arms will contribute to the importing country’s legitimate self-defence capabilities; they will not undermine regional and global peace and security, and they will not interfere in the importing country’s internal affairs.

Concerns over China’s unclear principles have in some cases affected its arms exports.

According to the U.S. government’s Voice of America international news service, China’s planned delivery of a submarine to Thailand by the end of next year has been put on hold because a German company refused to supply its engines. The German side reportedly said it had not been consulted in advance about the military use of the engines.

The Japan News

Asia News Network