Vaxzevria showed no increased incidence of thrombosis with thrombocytopenia after second dose #SootinClaimon.Com

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https://www.nationthailand.com/life/40003955

Vaxzevria showed no increased incidence of thrombosis with thrombocytopenia after second dose


Rates of the very rare clotting disorder, thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome (TTS), following a second dose of Vaxzevria are comparable to the background rate in an unvaccinated population.

The data, published in The Lancet today, demonstrated the estimated rate of TTS following a second dose of Vaxzevria was 2.3 per million vaccinees, comparable to the background rate observed in an unvaccinated population. It was 8.1 per million vaccinees after the first dose. The rate after the second dose is comparable to background rates observed in unvaccinated populations.

Sir Mene Pangalos, Executive Vice President, BioPharmaceuticals R&D, said: “Vaxzevria is effective against all severities of COVID-19 and it plays a critical role in combatting the pandemic. Unless TTS was identified after the first dose, these results support the administration of the two-dose schedule of Vaxzevria, as indicated, to help provide protection against COVID-19 including against rising variants of concern.”

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The analysis was conducted using AstraZeneca’s global safety database, which captures all spontaneously reported adverse events from real-world use of its medicines and vaccines worldwide. Reported cases of TTS globally were included up to the cut-off date of April 30 occurring within 14 days of administration of the first or second dose of Vaxzevria.

The results are in line with recent reports in the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) Yellow Card Report, the UK system for collecting and monitoring information on safety concerns, which also show low rates of TTS after a second dose.

No specific risk factors or definitive cause for TTS following COVID-19 vaccination have been identified and AstraZeneca continues to perform and support ongoing investigations of potential mechanisms. Furthermore, these very rare events can be avoided when symptoms are identified and treated appropriately.

Published : July 30, 2021

By : The Nation

Vaxzevria and mRNA COVID-19 vaccines showed similar and favourable safety profiles in a population-based cohort study of over a million people #SootinClaimon.Com

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https://www.nationthailand.com/life/40003953

Vaxzevria and mRNA COVID-19 vaccines showed similar and favourable safety profiles in a population-based cohort study of over a million people


In a large real-world study, data published as a pre-print on The Lancet server from over one million individuals assessed the incidence rates of blood clotting disorders of thromboembolism and thrombocytopenia, including the very rare thrombosis with thrombocytopenia (TTS) following vaccination with an mRNA vaccine or Vaxzevria, and compared them with expected rates in a general population and in people with COVID-19.

Safety profiles of Vaxzevria, and the mRNA-based vaccine were similar and overall favourable. Very rare clotting disorders (TTS) were observed with both vaccines but these were in line with what would be expected in the general population and lower than in those diagnosed with COVID-19. Follow-up time was not sufficient to report rates after two doses of Vaxzevria, though other studies have shown rates of rare blood clotting events to be lower after a second dose.

Regardless of the vaccine used, the increase in rates of thrombosis among persons infected with COVID-19 was far higher than among those vaccinated. Rates of venous thromboembolism were eight times higher after a diagnosis of COVID-19 infection compared with the expected rate.

Sir Mene Pangalos, Executive Vice President, BioPharmaceuticals R&D, said: “This real-world study offers further evidence of the favourable benefit:risk profile of Vaxzeria and demonstrates the critical role all COVID-19 vaccines are playing in combatting the pandemic.”

The analysis included 945,941 mRNA participants (778,534 with two doses), 426,272 Vaxzevria participants, conducted between 27 December 2020 and 19 May 2021. It also included 222,710 COVID-19 participants identified between 1 September 2020 and 1 March 2021, and 4,570,149 background participants as of 1 January 2017 from a public health database held in Catalonia, Spain.

The results are in line with recent reports in the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) Yellow Card Report, the UK system for collecting and monitoring information on safety concerns, which also show low rates of TTS after a second dose.

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No specific risk factors or definitive cause for TTS following COVID-19 vaccination have been identified and AstraZeneca continues to perform and support ongoing investigations of potential mechanisms. Furthermore, these very rare events can be managed when symptoms are identified and treated appropriately.

Published : July 30, 2021

By : The Nation

Pfizer data shows vaccine protection remains robust six months after vaccination even as the company argues that boosters will be needed #SootinClaimon.Com

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https://www.nationthailand.com/life/40003879

Pfizer data shows vaccine protection remains robust six months after vaccination even as the company argues that boosters will be needed


WASHINGTON – Executives of the pharmaceutical giant Pfizer predicted Wednesday that vaccine boosters would soon be needed, a declaration that came on the same day the company published data showing that its coronavirus shots remained robustly protective six months after vaccination, providing nearly complete protection against severe disease. Hours later, Israeli health officials moved toward making boosters available for older residents.

Pfizer’s paper, which has not yet undergone peer review, showed a slight drop in efficacy against any symptomatic cases of covid-19, the illness caused by the novel coronavirus, from 96% protection in the first two months after vaccination to 84% after four months.

Company officials also presented data showing that a third shot could boost disease-fighting antibodies many times higher than the level achieved by the standard two-dose regimen. They said on a quarterly earnings call that they planned to seek authorization for a booster by mid-August, reiterating the company’s belief that a third dose would be needed to enhance immunity within a year of vaccination.

“There is very good protection in the beginning, and then there’s waning. And when you come closer to six months, [waning] which is even more profound with delta [variant],” Pfizer chief executive Albert Bourla said. “The waning is . . . more profound for mild cases, but there is a clear waning also for hospitalizations and severe disease.”

In Israel, Health Ministry officials late Wednesday recommended administering booster shots to older adults. The director general of the Health Ministry is expected to accept that recommendation in coming days and will decide whether the target group will include people older than 65 or older than 75.

Despite a lack of regulatory approval for boosters in the United States or Europe and the absence of definitive data, the Israeli experts concluded that the peril posed by the apparent waning of vaccine efficacy over time, alongside a spike in infections, outweighs the risk of pursuing a booster shot policy for the elderly.

The Israeli officials said protection against serious illness for those older than 60 who were vaccinated in January dropped from 97% to about 81%. For those older than 60 vaccinated in March, it fell to about 84%. They said efficacy remained at 93% for people ages 40 to 59 years.

The data released Wednesday by Pfizer, when viewed across the entirety of the six-month period covered in the paper, showed the vaccine was 91% protective overall. The findings come from the continuation of a large clinical trial that began last summer, so they do not include the period when the delta variant had emerged and become dominant.

Mikael Dolsten, Pfizer’s chief scientific officer, said the vaccines’ protection against severe disease remains “pretty high, but we do see some lowering, particularly in real-world evidence studies from Israel. We see some lowering in that protection in risk groups such as older adults, immunocompromised.”

But outside vaccine experts described the data as encouraging, even if they believe boosters will be necessary at some point for the general population and probably sooner for some groups, such as people with compromised immunity. Pfizer’s analysis showed the vaccine was 97% effective against severe disease. The protection in South Africa, where a particularly worrisome variant capable of dodging immunity exists, was 100%.

“This Pfizer study, I view it as incredibly good news,” said Larry Corey, a virologist at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle. “We have to take some basic stock here about what’s our primary goal of vaccination. If we do have a virus able to break through and give you a cold, but the vaccine is keeping you from severe disease, keeping you out of the hospital … where should our emphasis and resources be?”

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Kathleen Neuzil, director of the Center for Vaccine Development and Global Health at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, said it was important to monitor how the vaccine’s performance changes over time but noted that its protection against severe disease remains “extremely high.”

“Our main concern in the U.S. and in the world right now are the large numbers of unvaccinated people, and getting them vaccinated should be the emphasis,” Neuzil said.

Natalie Dean, a biostatistics expert at Emory University’s Rollins School of Public Health, said the vaccines dawned with such a high level of efficacy that a comparatively slight erosion of effectiveness should not be regarded with alarm.

“You have to sort of take the numbers as they are, which is still just a high number,” Dean said. “The fact that it started from an even higher place is what affects how people interpret the results. . . . It is possible that there’s some waning of that first line of defense, that’s going to be the best at preventing just infection or mild disease. But … it’s still holding up well.”

Pfizer presented data on a third dose at least six months after full vaccination, showing that it caused antibody numbers to soar, including disease fighters capable of neutralizing the delta variant. Pfizer’s leaders have repeatedly predicted that a third shot will be needed within a year of vaccination, but federal officials made the rare move this month to issue a statement that the decision would be made by public health officials on the basis of a totality of data only partly informed by data from pharmaceutical companies.

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“We continue to believe it is likely that a third-dose booster may be needed within six to 12 months after full vaccination to maintain the highest level of protection,” Dolsten said.

On its earnings call, Pfizer updated its financial predictions to say the company expected $33.5 billion of revenue from its coronavirus vaccines this year. The company plans to make 3 billion doses in 2021 and 4 billion in 2022.

“There are a fair number of infectious-disease doctors and public health persons who are disappointed and actually a bit grumpy about Pfizer. Pfizer is out there trying to make recommendations of national policy via press release,” said William Schaffner, a professor of health policy and medicine at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. “Many of us think that’s flagrantly inappropriate.”

Instead, Schaffner said, the company should be having discussions with the Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “not out there to the general public.”

Bourla said on the call that regulators would make the decision in each country, including the United States.

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“I don’t think that there is different interpretation of data between us and regulatory authorities around the world. Actually, there is extremely good collaboration and the same interpretation,” Bourla said. “The FDA needs to review [the data] and then provide, or not, their approval. And then once it is approved, the third-dose booster, then the CDC needs to understand the situation in the country. And then, after a period of time, they will help to make a recommendation about the booster.”

Published : July 29, 2021

By : The Washington Post · Carolyn Y. Johnson, Shira Rubin

Positive antigen test ‘not enough’ to gain admission to hospital, Community Isolation #SootinClaimon.Com

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https://www.nationthailand.com/life/40003828

Positive antigen test ‘not enough’ to gain admission to hospital, Community Isolation


The Department of Medical Services reiterated on Tuesday that people who test positive for Covid-19 via rapid antigen test kits will receive medical kits and treatment in Home Isolation.

Patients with a positive antigen test result who need Community Isolation or hospital treatment will be retested with the RT-CPR method and isolated from other patients while waiting for their result.


“Patients who test positive after using antigen test kits are categorised as ‘probable cases’ as 3-5 per cent of antigen test results are false positives,” said Somsak Akksilp, the department’s director-general.


“The subcommittee for medical treatment and rehabilitation resolved on July 23 that patients with a positive antigen test result will immediately receive medicines and Home Isolation treatment. If Community Isolation, hospital treatment, or any type of Covid-19 treatment accommodation is required, patients will need to be tested again via the RT-PCR method for a more accurate result and will be separated from other Covid-19 patients,” he said.


The new procedures are aimed at speeding up treatment in a bid to curb the spread of the virus, he added.

Published : July 27, 2021

By : The Nation

Penis size: How do Southeast Asians measure up? #SootinClaimon.Com

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https://www.nationthailand.com/life/40003627

Penis size: How do Southeast Asians measure up?


Thai men have the fifth-longest penises among Southeast Asians, according to the WorldData.info survey. The average length of a Thai male’s erect penis is 11.45 centimetres, the survey reports.

Among Southeast Asians, Indonesians have the longest penises at 11.67cm, while Cambodian men have the shortest at 10.04 centimetres. Cambodian men also have the shortest average penis length among men worldwide.

The longest penises in the world?

That distinction goes to men for Ecuador, who measure an average 17.61cm. Following close behind is Cameroon (16.67cm) and Bolivia (16.51cm).

The data for the survey skips self-reported measurements, which are notoriously inaccurate, and instead uses information from scientific studies of penis length across the world.

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Penis size: How do Southeast Asians measure up?Penis size: How do Southeast Asians measure up?

Published : July 23, 2021

By : The Nation

Health agencies push vaccination for pregnant women after 16 die from Covid #SootinClaimon.Com

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https://www.nationthailand.com/life/40003623

Health agencies push vaccination for pregnant women after 16 die from Covid


The Department of Health is pushing for pregnant women to get vaccinated following the deaths of at least 16 mothers-to-be from Covid-19 in the past eight months.

The fatalities were among 898 pregnant women infected with coronavirus between December 1, 2020 and July 20 this year, department chief Dr Suwanchai Wattana Yingcharoenchai revealed on Thursday.

He said pregnant women should be added to the list of at-risk groups that currently features senior citizens and people with any of seven chronic conditions.

His department has joined hands with the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, Royal College of Paediatricians, Royal College of Physicians, and the Breastfeeding Centre of Thailand in pushing for a policy for pregnant women to get vaccinated.

Experts say pregnant women should also protect themselves against Covid infection by not sharing personal items with people in the home, washing hands regularly, keeping distance, and not leaving the house or travelling unless absolutely necessary.

Director-General of the Department of Health, reveals on Thursday during the online seminar on the topic “Pushing for vaccination against Covid-19 in pregnant and lactating women.” that there were 898 pregnant

Published : July 22, 2021

By : The Nation

Public Health Ministry declares Sinovac as effective as AstraZeneca #SootinClaimon.Com

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https://www.nationthailand.com/life/40003615

Public Health Ministry declares Sinovac as effective as AstraZeneca


After conducting a study on recipients of Sinovac jabs in four areas, the Public Health Ministry declared that the vaccine was more than 90 per cent effective in preventing infections and severe symptoms.

The study was conducted in Phuket, Samut Sakhon, Chiang Rai and among Department of Disease Control personnel nationwide.
The ministry also said that two jabs of Sinovac can provide 88.8 per cent protection against infection and was 84.9 per cent effective against severe lung infection. In comparison, one dose of AstraZeneca provides 83.4 per cent protection after the first dose.

In May, when the Alpha variant was spreading, two jabs of Sinovac proved to be 71 per cent effective, the ministry said.
In June, when 20 to 40 per cent of Covid-19 cases were caused by the Delta variant, two Sinovac jabs indicted 75 per cent effectiveness.

“Therefore, two doses of Sinovac can provide 90 per cent protection against the Alpha variant and 85 per cent against lung infection. Its efficacy against Delta variant is also stable,” the ministry said.
The ministry also said that laboratory tests prove that a booster dose and mixed doses can boost immunity at a faster and higher rate.

Published : July 22, 2021

By : The Nation

Health agency launches ‘Vaccine Jai’ to take people’s mind off death #SootinClaimon.Com

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https://www.nationthailand.com/life/40003545

Health agency launches ‘Vaccine Jai’ to take people’s mind off death


Thai Health Promotion Foundation launched the “Vaccine Jai” campaign on Tuesday in a bid to cut down on Covid-19 related suicides.

The campaign was launched at a virtual seminar between Srinakharinwirot University and the Department of Mental Health to help tourism personnel maintain mental stability.


Vaccine Jai is a mental health assessment tool that aims to evaluate risks and provide guidelines for pandemic-related mental health issues.

Chatwut Wangwon, a director at the foundation, said more than 4 million people in the tourism industry who have lost their jobs are at the risk of killing themselves as they cannot generate income. He was citing the Office of SMEs Promotion’s data collected last year.

“This fact is in line with the Department of Mental Health’s data, indicating that depression over an economy going downhill is one of three factors triggering people to commit suicide,” Chaiwat said, adding that this problem must be solved urgently.

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He added that Vaccine Jai will be accessible at all times and will have a set of 20 questions changed monthly to constantly rejuvenate the mental health of people, especially those in the tourism sector.

Published : July 21, 2021

By : The Nation

Vaccine developed by Thai startup to be tested on humans in September #SootinClaimon.Com

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https://www.nationthailand.com/life/40003395

Vaccine developed by Thai startup to be tested on humans in September


The government has said that a potential vaccine derived from plant protein, or subunit vaccine, which uses the same technology as Novavax, could be ready for production in a few weeks.

Deputy government spokesperson Ratchada Thanadirek said the factory was ready to produce the vaccine.

The vaccine has been developed by Baiya Phytopharm Co Ltd, a Thai startup company.

A subunit vaccine presents one or more antigens to the immune system without introducing pathogen particles, whole or otherwise.

The research team will send the factory form to the Food and Drug Administration to inspect the factory.

The vaccine is expected to begin production in the next few weeks and will undergo early human testing around September 2021 as planned.

The team will officially seek in August about 100 volunteers who are in good health, aged between 18-55 years and 65-75 years.

Once the vaccine passes the process successfully, it is expected that it can be produced for Thai people to use in the middle of 2022. People will receive two vaccinations, three weeks apart, and it will sell at around THB300-500 per dose.

Published : July 18, 2021

By : The Nation

Ideas on how you can keep your kids busy under lockdown #SootinClaimon.Com

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https://www.nationthailand.com/life/40003283

Ideas on how you can keep your kids busy under lockdown


Covid-related restrictions may be hampering people’s movement, but they shouldn’t block imagination, a Chulalongkorn University lecturer said.

Asst Prof Dr Soontharee Taweetanalarp from Chula’s Faculty of Allied Health Sciences said that though children may be stuck at home with their parents, they can do so much to ensure the youngsters continue developing and growing.

Here are some suggestions on how parents can keep their children up to the age of four engaged:

“Ja-Aey” (Peekaboo) for children under one

Dr Soontharee recommends choosing toys that have interesting shapes, sounds or movements and those that can promote hand-eye coordination. If it is a book, it should be a cardboard picture book that opens easily to help develop fine motor skills. Even without toys, parents can play easy games like Peekaboo.

For children aged nine to 10 months, who have already started standing, parents can use a chair or a stroller as support to help them walk.

Moving along with one to two-year-old toddlers

Dr Soontharee recommends parents encourage their toddlers to exercise to build their muscles and physical strength. They should also help them boost their fine motor skills by getting them to draw or write with their dominant hand, shape playdough or hold a spoon. These activities will help enhance their hand-and-eye coordination, brain function and motor skills.

Playing and activities with family members are essential for toddlers at this age to develop their communication skills. Apart from reading aloud from picture storybooks, singing to rhythmic gestures also contributes to their development.

When children ask questions, parents should seize the opportunity to heighten their curiosity by answering their questions in a fun, engaging storytelling manner.

Energetic activities for two to three-year-olds

Children at this age are very restless. They are confident in their movement because their muscles are strong, and they can balance themselves a lot better. So, their toys should be energy-intensive, such as a tricycle, bicycle, a football for kicking, jump rope or a basketball for throwing.

Besides energetic play, allowing children of this age to draw and write on the wall or on large pieces of paper, and attach stickers at various places is also essential, as their finger and hand muscles require just as much stimulation as their imagination. Beadwork that requires precise eyes and fingers coordination is another great home activity that is suitable for them.

Role-playing for three to four-year-olds

Play-acting is appropriate for this age because it stimulates the child’s imagination through given roles. It can also help them practice their communication skills.

Jigsaw puzzles or Lego is also suitable for this age group because it helps them practice solving immediate problems and stimulates creativity. In addition, activities related to light and shadow, be it sunlight or torchlight, will also help strengthen science-related skills like observation, telling the distance, position of the object and size of the shadows.

Children at this age can do simple household chores and parents can get them involved in water plants, sorting out clothes before washing, hanging them up and putting them away later. Easy baking is also another suitable activity.

Published : July 15, 2021

By : The Nation