5 tech trends that will fuel a green transition in 2022

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.


Technology will have a key role to play amid another year of extreme weather and record-breaking temperatures, posing challenges to humans, wildlife and nature, according to Telenor Research. 

5 tech trends that will fuel a green transition in 2022

Despite the gloomy outlook, technological advancements and the accelerating digitalisation of society give reasons for hope, the research said.

“People everywhere are waking up to the need to act on climate change and environmental degradation. For us in Telenor, it is key to understand how technology can both avoid being part of the problem and help in the transition,” says Bjørn Taale Sandberg, head of Telenor Research.

The five tech trends are as follow:

Green cloud

As the digitalisation of society continues to accelerate, cloud computing has seen explosive growth. Moving data requires energy. Data centres globally account for more than one per cent of the world’s energy consumption. Edge computing, however, offers hope as it is expected to take over some of the workload in the coming year.

“We predict that 5G networks worldwide will have the capability to do local breakout of data traffic to and from Edge data centres,” says Sandberg. The data centres themselves can be made energy efficient in many ways, including through utilisation of excess heat and sustainable local power harvesting, using solar panels and small windmills.

“We believe that energy efficient Edge data centres reachable from mobile devices over 5G networks will start popping up, at an increasing rate, in 2022. As a result, energy will also be saved in data distribution networks since part of the data traffic and electricity will be transferred only locally,” explains Sandberg.

Green degrees and courses

Just as modern careers require people to upskill continuously, climate change will require people, businesses, and societies to adapt to lifelong learning on sustainability. Environmental policy and regulation will also increase the demand for green job skills in 2022, the research says.

“A growing number of businesses will implement green micro-degrees and courses as part of their ‘curriculum’ to slake the green knowledge thirst among employees. The businesses that fail to facilitate opportunities to acquire green online learning credentials on-the-job risk being perceived as less attractive in the eyes of new talent,” predicts Sandberg.

Therefore, a wave of micro-degrees with a green shape will flood out through learning systems like Coursera, LinkedIn Learning, Udacity, and Khan Academy, the same way we see more educational institutions embrace planet-friendly values in their programmes. We already see such online courses and degrees being offered and promoted by organisations worldwide, not least the United Nations and its agency Unesco, Sandberg adds.

Optimisation for energy efficiency

While ever greater numbers of electronic devices and solutions are enabling humans to lead more convenient lives, the International Energy Agency calls for smarter and more efficient electrical appliances. We believe the global need for greater energy efficiency will trigger an “optimisation of everything” battle between consumer electronics manufacturers, the research says.

“Devices consuming electricity now outnumber humans by four, and they will become even more dominant in the future. Since transforming our energy supply will take time, we need to optimise everything – not least the use of energy by our devices,” warns Sandberg.

Competition is already ongoing between chipmakers to reduce their products’ energy demand. One example is the M1 chipset used in Apple’s newest computers. “We expect that this will be taken up in the much greater PC market – offering both more efficient devices and devices that can run far longer on battery.”

“Going forward, more companies will put enormous sums of money on the table to acquire the knowledge and assets needed to come out on top of the optimisation battle,” says Sandberg.

Here come the ‘greenfluencers’

While most social media trends serve little purpose other than to entertain, some, like the #BlackLivesMatter, bring about profound societal changes. In 2022, with recent disappointments from the UN’s Climate Conference (COP26) and a grim outlook in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report fresh in memory, we expect to see a new movement shape the world of social media – ‘greenfluencing’, according to the research.

“An undergrowth of climate aware influencers and activists has emerged across niches on social media, and we believe their growing follower bases will be duly noticed by the influencer universe’s established elite,” explains Sandberg.

By tapping into both marketing and social considerations, the big social media stars in every sphere – from cooking and fashion to travel, makeup, and fitness – will start to greenfluence their millions of followers.

“Influencers who appear oblivious or indifferent to climate challenges will be perceived as outdated. Instead, followers will flock to influencers who demonstrate climate awareness regardless of niche. Marketers will turn their attention in the same direction,” predicts Sandberg.

Reaching out to the next generation

Companies that don’t take the next generation’s expectations seriously risk facing the great resignation.

During the continuation of the pandemic, it will be tough for the young to establish and grow a personal network and acquire a general understanding of the corporate lingo and culture, as forming new social relations using only digital communication is much more challenging.

“As a consequence, many companies will in 2022 find that large groups of young employees who never got a proper onboarding are likely to struggle – unless good leadership is exercised,” says Sandberg, and points to the following three tips on how to lead the next generation through the future way of work:

Bring joy to the office — engineer social interaction across generations through events that trigger joy, discussion, and knowledge and insight transfer.

With age and tenure comes responsibility — make it clear that the company veterans have a special obligation to include, mentor, and guide the new employees.

Make them shine — be vocal and public when praising the newcomers for their efforts and provide them with the opportunities to speak and find their voice.

Kristian HallKristian Hall

Meanwhile, Telenor Group vice president of climate and environment Kristian Hall said the company has implemented climate goals to reduce carbon emissions.

He explained that climate goals are in line with the Global Science-Based Target:

  • Reducing emissions of greenhouse gases from the company’s global operation by 57 per cent by 2030 compared to the 2019 baseline.
  • 68 per cent of suppliers (by spend) within the categories Purchased Goods, Services and Capital Goods, to have set Science-Based Targets by 2025.

“As we are also aware of Metaverse that could emit more carbon dioxide, we will apply technologies to ensure Telenor’s energy efficiency,” added Sandberg.

Published : January 17, 2022


Onboard the Nasa asteroid probes unlocking secrets, dangers of our solar system

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.


Thailand’s space institute offered a close encounter with some of the most mysterious –and dangerous – objects in the universe on Friday.

Onboard the Nasa asteroid probes unlocking secrets, dangers of our solar system

The National Astronomical Research Institute of Thailand (NARIT) unveiled the secrets of asteroids through the lens – and mechanical arms – of Nasa probes currently hurtling through space. It said the spacecraft are used to study asteroids because they afford close-up encounters that are not possible with Earth-bound telescopes.

NARIT explained that asteroids are small rocky objects that orbit the Sun.

Most of them swirl around in the asteroid belt, a debris-filled region of space between Mars and Jupiter. The largest is Ceres, a dwarf planet about 950 kilometres in diameter.

The main reason for studying asteroids is to tap the secrets they hold as scraps that form planets – including our own. Asteroids may be the source of water and organic compounds that first sparked life on Earth 3.5 billion years ago. They could be a crucial resource for humanity in the future.

But they also present a potential catastrophic danger to Earth, as the dinosaurs found out when an asteroid 10 kilometres in diameter slammed into the planet 66 million years ago.

Related News

Extraordinary photo taken over Doi Inthanon shows passing comet and Nasa telescope launch plume

NASAs James Webb Space Telescope launches in French Guiana

NASA releases new photos of Jupiter – and a recording of its moon that sounds like R2-D2

NARIT trained its lens on four Nasa missions that are unlocking the mystery of this ancient space rubble left over from the formation of our solar system about 4.6 billion years ago.

Its mission is to collect a sample of soil or rubble from the near-Earth asteroid Bennu. One of Nasa’s first asteroid missions, the OSIRIS-Rex was launched on September 9, 2016. The probe touched down on Bennu on October 20, 2020 and successfully scooped up the sample. It is now hurtling back to Earth with a scheduled landing date of September 24, 2023.

Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART)
Its objective is to test a planetary defence system against asteroids. Launched on November 24, 2021, the probe will crash into the asteroid Dimorphos in a bid to deflect the 160-metre-diameter space rock off its course. The impact is scheduled for September 26, 2022.

Its mission is to explore the main asteroid belt and seven Jupiter trojan asteroids to analyse their colour, surface, mass and physical features. The probe was launched on October 16, 2021 and will spend 12 years in space.

Scheduled to blast off later this year, this mission will study the asteroid “16 Psyche” which orbits between Mars and Jupiter. 16 Psyche is a metal-rich asteroid composed of iron and nickel that is thought to hold clues to planet formation in the beginning phase. Psyche is set to launch on August 1, 2022 and reach 16 Psyche on January 31, 2026.

Published : January 15, 2022


Eco-friendly habits in Thailand a boon for Chinese automaker

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.


Thais are showing more interest in electric vehicles (EV) in line with growing global attention towards the environment, as Chinese automaker Great Wall Motor (GWM) learned in a recent workshop.

Eco-friendly habits in Thailand a boon for Chinese automaker

This trend is in line with GWM’s entry into the Thai automotive industry last year and its aspiration to become a leader in EV, Suparang Anuchapreeda, director of communications at Great Wall Motor Thailand, said.

“As a ‘global intelligent technology company’ ready to become an EV leader in Thailand, GWM aims to listen to customers’ voices and follow their movements to offer products, technologies and services that serve their needs in the best possible way,” she said.

“The workshop we conducted in collaboration with Wisesight Thailand has given us an insight into Thai consumers’ interests over digital platforms over the past year as well as a clearer picture of the trends and demands amid changing technology in 2022. One of the most distinct elements is that Thai consumers have been focusing more on sustainability since last year, resulting in higher popularity of electric vehicles.”

Suparang also said that GWM was committed to fulfilling an environment-friendly driving experience by offering “state-of-the-art technologies at reasonable prices to Thai people”.

Electric vehicle (EV) is a generic term that covers electromotive vehicles ranging from fully electric (xEV), hybrid electric (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV) and battery electric (BEV).

The GWM Tech-in-Trend Workshop was held recently at the GWM Experience Centre in Bangkok’s Iconsiam shopping complex.

Eco-friendly habits in Thailand a boon for Chinese automaker

The session unveiled a summary of Thai consumers’ online activities in 2021 and digital and technology trends for 2022, with indicators on how online content can be crafted to best serve Thai consumers’ interests.

“Changes in consumer behaviour are significant to GWM’s business direction and are aligned with the five elements which we aim to transform: products, distribution channels, experiences, aftersales services, and customer relations,” Suparang said.

“We are ready to bring innovations in all aspects, listen to consumer feedback, and embrace consumers’ ever-changing needs – all of which are GWM’s key business values,” she added.

Last year, GWM launched three new alternative EV models – Haval H6 Hybrid SUV, ORA Good Cat and Haval Jolion Hybrid SUV – which it said won a “warm welcome” from Thai consumers.

Published : January 14, 2022

Universities team up for historic cross-institutional enrolment

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.


The Higher Education, Science, Research and Innovation Ministry signed a memorandum of understanding on cross-institutional enrolment at a meeting of the Council of Graduate Studies Administrators of Public and Autonomous Universities. Presidents of 25 state institutions also participated in the ceremony.

Universities team up for historic cross-institutional enrolment

Ministry permanent secretary Prof Sirirurg Songsivilai said the MoU is a historic milestone in the higher education system and will greatly benefit students.

They will now have the opportunity to seek knowledge in their subjects of interest and gain a wide range of experiences from universities with different merits and excellence.

Each institution will also benefit from the integration of information and knowledge between universities.

Students will be able to register for courses across institutions and can use their credit as part of the credits they earn for courses being studied.

The 25 institutions that have signed the agreement are:

Kasetsart University

Khon Kaen University

Chulalongkorn University

Chiang Mai University

Thaksin University

King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Lat Krabang

King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi

King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok

Thammasat University

Naresuan University

Burapha University

Phayao University

Mahidol University

Mahasarakham University

Maejo University

Mae Fah Luang University

Ramkhamhaeng University

Walailak University

Silpakorn University

Srinakharinwirot University

Songkhla Nakarin University

Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University

Suranaree University of Technology

Ubon Ratchathani University

The National Institute of Development Administration.

Published : January 13, 2022


Thailand 4th in world for most tweets on gaming

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.


Thailand ranked fourth in the world after Japan, the United States and South Korea, respectively, as countries posting the most about gaming on Twitter in 2021, the social media platform reported in its @TwitterGaming 2021 Year in Review.

Thailand 4th in world for most tweets on gaming

The report said throughout 2021 Twitter had seen more than 2.4 billion tweets on gaming, up 14 per cent year on year and a more than ten-fold increase from 2017.

The fourth quarter was also the biggest quarter for gaming conversation ever on Twitter.

A number of Asian countries are in the top communities for gaming as each earned a spot in the top 10 nations tweeting the most about gaming, including Japan (1st place), South Korea (3rd), Thailand (4th), the Philippines (6th), Indonesia (7th) and India (10th).

“The gaming community around the world came on Twitter to be part of the biggest moments in gaming in 2021, such as the return of in-person e-sports events and new game releases such as Halo Infinite,” the report said.

“2021 was also the year where NFTs [non-fungible tokens] took centre-stage as media coverage grew rapidly in news and stories on digital assets.”

In Thailand, Genshin Impact (@GenshinImpact) was the most tweeted game in 2021, followed by Garena Free Fire (@freefireth), League of Legends (@LeagueOfLegends), PUBG: BattleGrounds (@PUBG) and Identity V (@IdentityVJP). The most tweeted e-sport teams in Thailand last year were OG (@OGesports), T1 (@T1), Team Secret (@teamsecret), Sentinels (@Sentinels) and Gambit (@GambitEsports), respectively.

“As we continue adjusting to life in the middle of a pandemic, people are finding new ways to make connections with various communities, and one of them is through gaming,” said Maurizio Barbieri, head of sports and gaming partnerships for SEA and Greater China at Twitter.

“The growing conversations that happened around gaming on Twitter reflect the increasing attention from the public on Twitter about various games, e-sports teams, and gaming personalities,” Barbieri added.

Related News

Thailand ranks 3rd globally in video gaming

China-made games push industry to new heights

Thailand’s video gamers eye big rewards as esports goes professional

Published : January 12, 2022


How blockchain is revolutionising video gaming – and turning players into millionaires

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.


Most of us are familiar with video games, but less well known is that you can also play games on the Blockchain network behind cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), and Dogecoin (DOGE).

How blockchain is revolutionising video gaming – and turning players into millionaires

So, what makes blockchain games special?

Many video games feature items that players can trade for real currency via a middleman system.

However, items in blockchain games have real value and can be directly traded between players.

How are items in blockchain games given value?

Three technologies allow players to trade valuable items freely:

  • Blockchain technology allows trading on the internet without a middleman while also being safe, transparent and reliable.
  • The smart-contract system allows developers to create blockchain financial applications or services including exchanges, loans, auctions, fundraising, etc.
  • Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) are a unique digital asset of differing value that can be tagged to collectibles, artworks, appliances, and in-game items.

An in-game item can be replaced by an NFT to make it unique. Rules on receiving and exchanging items in blockchain games are set by smart contract technology.

Related News

Bitcoin plunges 5.5 per cent to $53,435.9

Blockchain to cut tax evasion, boost revenue from next year

Thai-Japan blockchain transaction takes international trade to next level: Krungsri

Meanwhile data including the number of items and smart contract conditions is stored transparently on the blockchain network for everyone to check.

The value of items is governed by different factors but usually depends on the item’s rarity and the game’s popularity.

Which games are popular worldwide?


Cryptokitties is a blockchain game developed on the Ethereum network.

Players use their ETH cryptocurrency to buy cats, which become digital assets as NFT. Players then breed cats to create new creatures with faces, colours and other features inherited from the parents. Players can collect the cats or put them up for auction.

Among the game’s highest valued cats is Nana Meanbutt, worth US$154,632 (over 5 million baht) according to Coinranking on July 2, 2021.

2. Axie Infinity

Axie Infinity published by Ubisoft has gained a strong following across the globe.

Inspired by Pokémon, the game sees players collect versions of the monster Axie, each with different traits and characteristics.

Players can then fight duels with their Axie NFTs or sell them on the market.

An Axie named Angel was sold for 300 ETH or about 4 million baht in November 2020.

3. Decentraland

Decentraland was developed on the Ethereum network with a currency called MANA coin.

Players edit their avatars and use MANA coins to buy in-game items or land. Players can also join conversations and activities with others.

According to the Business Times, the most expensive item on Decentraland is 16 acres of land bought by NFT investors Republic Realm for 1.295 million MANA coins or $913,228 (about 30 million baht).

4. Morning Moon Village

The first game created by Thailand’s Extend Interactive or x10, Morning Moon Village was developed on the Bitkub network and funded by Bitkub Ventures Co Ltd.

Players farm to receive rewards and go on adventures to find rare NFTs to use or sell on the market.

Published : January 06, 2022


WabiQA: A Wikipedia-Based Thai Question-Answering System

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.


Mahidol University has made it a priority to conduct high-quality research to meet the needs of a rapidly changing world and respond to both Thailands and the worlds problems. Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology has become more prevalent in everyday life than ever.

WabiQA: A Wikipedia-Based Thai Question-Answering System

As a significant application, AI technology is often used to facilitate the discovery of knowledge in large databases such as “Wikipedia”, a website-based free multilingual encyclopedia, hosted by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Such a collaborative encyclopedia houses over 35 million articles, from which the AI technology can assist in automatically retrieving answers to natural-language questions. With such capability, users no longer have to waste time searching for the answers on their own.

WabiQA is a novel system for automatically answering questions in the Thai language utilizing the Thai Wikipedia articles as the knowledge source. The system was developed by a research team at the Faculty of Information and Communication Technology, Mahidol University (ICT Mahidol). WabiQA takes questions in the natural Thai language, such as “When was the Faculty of ICT, Mahidol University established?” as input, then displays the answer, e.g., “20 May 2009,” along with the specific document in which the answer is found. However, all answers must be in the (Thai language) Wikipedia database only.

WabiQA: A Wikipedia-Based Thai Question-Answering System

WabiQA implements the BM25F-based retriever to identify articles on Wikipedia that are most likely to contain the answer or are related to a given question. Then, a Bi-Directional Long-Short Term Memory (BiLSTM) model is applied to read the Thai article and locate candidate answers. Lastly, the Attention layers are used as general answer predictors to quantify the confidence that the target text is the answer to the input question. The test result showed that the WabiQA was able to reduce search time by 97.81 percent. Furthermore, the research team also developed a prototype mobile application that aims to facilitate Thai users with visual impairments using voice-to-speech technology and an intelligent question-answer categorization.

WabiQA: A Wikipedia-Based Thai Question-Answering System

Dr. Thanapon Noraset, the project advisor, said, “This research is a collaboration among the Faculty of ICT’s research team, students, and partners, that aims to develop artificial intelligence research and innovations, driven by the technological capabilities of the Thai people, to address difficult real-world problems. Personally, I am impressed by the ability of Mahidol students to conduct such world-class research. In this study, we applied advanced artificial intelligence technology to learn and understand the Thai context. Furthermore, this technology can also be used to perform an automated analysis of large and heterogeneous data composed in Thai, such as searching and summarizing social media opinions on products, events, or policies.”

This work was published in the Information Processing & Management Journal, a leading international academic journal ranked Quartile 1 (Q1) in Information Systems. Moreover, the WabiQA also won the first prize award from Thailand’s 21st National Software Contest 2019 (NSC) under the category “Question-Answering Program from Thai Wikipedia.” Currently, the research team is working to improve the WabiQA so that it is more effective and suitable for usage.

This research demonstrated the potential of advanced artificial intelligence in understanding questions and finding answers in the Thai language and revealed several potential future research directions and real-world applications. In particular, the research team would like to explore how to apply a similar approach to create an AI system that can answer questions for a specific domain, such as legal documents, official announcements, and insurance policies. Additionally, the research team wishes to investigate and develop unique strategies for utilizing data from multilingual sources. This should improve the system’s accuracy while also expanding its coverage in additional languages.  

Published : December 31, 2021


dtac–ASEFA partnership pushes the possibilities of 5G, prototyping smart factory tours with VR technology

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.


dtac has collaborated with Thai manufacturer ASEFA to launch virtual tours of the ASEFA factory for the very first time.

dtac–ASEFA partnership pushes the possibilities of 5G, prototyping smart factory tours with VR technology

dtac has collaborated with Thai manufacturer ASEFA to launch virtual tours of the ASEFA factory for the very first time.

Leveraging the power of 5G, virtual reality (VR) and the Internet of Things (IoT), the project is an important prototype for medium-sized factories looking to tackle the challenges of a rapidly changing sector.

ASEFA, a leading manufacturer and provider of electrical switchboards for businesses and industries, is paving the way for how factories can carry out virtual tours safely and conveniently in the near future. Through VR headsets, these digital tours provide easy access to new and prospective customers, and ensure social distancing by eliminating the need for travel and in-person visits. Moreover, this collaboration with dtac also enhances security measures by introducing smart wireless surveillance systems with access to all areas of the premises.

Mr. Wichai Soontornvutikul, Executive Director of ASEFA PCL, said: “With this upgrade, we hope to see a 10% increase in visitors to the website and to the factory, expanding our reach to new audiences, including business owners and new-generation engineers familiar with the technology.”

Customers can also virtually visit the factory via a website, and ASEFA can support an average of 60 virtual visits per year. 

The second component of ASEFA’s digital transformation into a smart factory involves an investment in 5G surveillance. Enhancing and modernizing the existing security system, 5G surveillance uses high-resolution imagery and high-volume wireless transmissions without requiring additional wiring. The improved system integrates facial recognition to provide contactless access control for employees and visitors, and alerts the company to any abnormalities, thereby delivering more efficient security.

Digital innovation is a priority for ASEFA. In addition to this project, the company has also established a new business division, the Innovation Group, for research & development work that seeks to enhance the capabilities of electric switchboards, respond to future usage needs, and differentiate ASEFA from its competitors. The Innovation Group will support the deployment of solar cells and embrace IoT for the improved monitoring and control of energy consumption.

dtac–ASEFA partnership pushes the possibilities of 5G, prototyping smart factory tours with VR technology

With these industry-leading initiatives, and its alliance with dtac, ASEFA is an important use-case model for digital transformation in mid-range manufacturing, demonstrating how 5G and IoT can successfully be applied in a modern, state-of-the-art factory setting.

Mr. Krit Prapatsakdi, Head of Enterprise Sales Division at Total Access Communication PLC or dtac, said: “By bringing 5G technologies to support ASEFA’s digital transformation into a smart factory, we are raising the competitiveness of Thailand’s manufacturing industry, with the aim of attracting new investment to Thailand after the country reopens.”

The pandemic has led to increased investment within Thailand’s manufacturing sector, specifically for the creation of smart factories through IoT, artificial intelligence (AI) and other technologies. According to the Kasikorn Research Center, the Covid-19 pandemic will accelerate the growth of the smart factory solutions (SFS) business by 10%, due in large part to the needs of large manufacturers that wish to reduce their dependence on labor.

dtac–ASEFA partnership pushes the possibilities of 5G, prototyping smart factory tours with VR technology

Smart factories can enable continuous production and minimize an overreliance on traditional business operations that are vulnerable to pandemics and other disruptions. Beyond the pandemic, smart factories can also create greater flexibility for business lines and production, thereby increasing factory competitiveness.

dtac believes that becoming a smart factory entails greater connectivity, data collection, data integration and analytics. The 5G dtac network on 26 GHz enables this through intelligent camera systems that transmit real-time data to the control room, as well as factory access control with facial recognition.

In addition, dtac understands the importance of smart surveillance and energy management in a smart-factory setting. Data from the Deloitte 2020 Resources Study found that more than 48% of respondents are interested in reducing costs by investing in energy management systems.

dtac is ready to bring its extensive global experience to more pioneering collaborations that leverage 5G and other technologies to both respond to the challenges of the pandemic, as well as position Thailand as a model for medium-sized smart factories elsewhere in the world.

“We aim to support an exciting new industrial environment that is not only digital but will also create new, sustainable, and profitable solutions for changing industry structures,” Mr Krit concluded.

Published : December 28, 2021

2021 was a huge year for space exploration. 2022 could be even bigger.

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.


The year 2021 will probably go down in the annals of space history as a turning point, a moment when ordinary citizens started leaving Earth on a regular basis.

2021 was a huge year for space exploration. 2022 could be even bigger.

Multiple crews lifted off on several different spacecraft, and for a brief moment this month, there were a record 19 people in the weightless environment of space – and eight of them were private citizens.

But for all the achievements of 2021 – which include a rover landing on Mars, a small drone called Ingenuity flying in that planet’s thin atmosphere and the launch of the James Webb Space telescope, the most powerful space telescope ever – 2022 could hold just as much promise, if not more.

If 2021 was the year of the private space tourist, 2022 could be marked by the first steps toward a return to the moon, as NASA and the growing space industry seek to maintain the momentum that has been building over the past several years in what has amounted to a renaissance of exploration.

A pair of massive rockets, both more powerful than the Saturn V that flew the Apollo astronauts to the moon, are getting ready to fly in 2022. Those launches would mark the first significant steps in NASA’s Artemis program, which aims to return astronauts to the lunar surface by 2025 and create a campaign that would allow a permanent presence on and around the moon.

After years of development, and billions of dollars spent, NASA is finally gearing up to launch its Space Launch System rocket and Orion crew capsule, which are designed to return astronauts to the moon for the first time since Apollo. The first mission, known as Artemis I, is scheduled for March or April and would send Orion, without any crew on board, to orbit around the moon.

If all goes well, it would be followed by Artemis II, in May 2024, which would again send Orion to orbit the moon, but this time with astronauts on board. NASA hopes a crew would be able to land on the moon by 2025, but that would depend on the success of previous flight tests and SpaceX’s ability to get its Starship spacecraft up and running.

Over the past year, Elon Musk’s SpaceX has been moving feverishly toward the first orbital launch of Starship, the vehicle that won a $3 billion NASA contract this year to rendezvous with the Orion and transport NASA’s astronauts to the lunar surface.

Musk has said the company could attempt a launch in early 2022. Unlike the SLS, which would ditch its massive booster stage into the ocean after launch, Starship is designed to be fully reusable. After putting the Starship spacecraft into orbit, the Super Heavy booster would fly back to its launchpad where it would be caught by a pair of arms extended like chopsticks.

Earlier this year, the company attempted suborbital hops, where the spacecraft launched to an altitude of about six miles, belly flopped back to Earth horizontally, then righted itself and refired its engines before touching down.

Several of the landing attempts ended in fireballs. But in May, the company pulled off a successful landing, fueling Musk’s hope that the rocket could be used to transport people and cargo across the solar system.

“The overarching goal of Starship is to be able to transport enough tonnage to the moon and Mars,” he said in an interview with The Washington Post earlier this year. “And to have a self-sustaining base on the moon and ultimately a self-sustaining city on Mars.”

Ahead of an astronaut landing, NASA is planning to send science missions to the lunar surface. Those missions would also be carried out by contractors, hired by the space agency to deliver science experiments and technology demonstrations that NASA says would “help the agency study Earth’s nearest neighbor and prepare for human landing missions.”

The first would be by Intuitive Machines, a Houston-based company that is aiming to deliver science experiments in early 2022 and again later in the year. That second mission, to the south pole of the moon, would have a drill that would probe the lunar regolith for ice. Astrobotic, based in Pittsburgh, is also planning to deliver payloads to the lunar surface under the NASA contract.

Rocket Lab is also scheduled to launch a small satellite to the moon to serve as a precursor for human missions by testing the orbit for the space station, known as Gateway, that NASA hopes to send to the moon. Rocket Lab, which launches from its site in New Zealand, hopes to have its first launch from the United States in 2022 from the pad it uses at NASA’s facility on Wallops Island, on Virginia’s Eastern Shore.

It also plans to attempt to recover a booster next year. But unlike SpaceX, which flies the first stages of its rockets back to landing sites on the ground or ships at sea, Rocket Lab intends to catch its relatively small booster under a parachute with a helicopter.

2022 should also see the debut of a number of new rockets, including the United Launch Alliance’s Vulcan rocket, which would be used by the Pentagon to launch national security satellites. Relativity Space, which uses a 3-D printer to manufacture its rockets, plans to first launch of its Terran 1 vehicle from Cape Canaveral in the coming months as well.

Boeing also is looking to get back on track. 2021 was supposed to be the year it finally completed a test flight of its Starliner spacecraft, which is being designed to ferry NASA’s astronauts to and from the International Space Station. But once again it ran into trouble. At the end of 2019, the spacecraft suffered software problems, forcing the aviation behemoth to cut the test flight short. The spacecraft finally returned to the launchpad this summer, but never got off the ground.

This time, the company said the issue was hardware: 13 valves in the service module got stuck, forcing the company to bring the spacecraft back into its manufacturing facility. The company recently announced that it would have to swap out the service module. It’s now looking to attempt to launch again sometime in May. If that goes well, a launch with astronauts on board would follow.

The space station could see another new vehicle visit in 2022: Sierra Space’s Dream Chaser, a spaceplane that looks like a miniature version of the space shuttle. The company has been developing the winged vehicle for years with the hopes of one day flying astronauts. But for now, it has a contract from NASA to use it to deliver cargo and supplies to the space station. And it recently announced that it received a $1.4 billion investment that it said would help accelerate the program.

SpaceX’s Dragon spacecraft, which delivered two crews of astronauts to the space station in 2021, is slated to continue flying crews there in 2022. It also would fly at least one mission, chartered by Axiom Space, in which private astronauts who are paying $55 million apiece would spend a little more than a week on the station.

Jeff Bezos’ Blue Origin, which flew three trips to the edge of space in 2021, plans to fly six or more suborbital flights in 2022. (Bezos owns The Washington Post.) And Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic is hoping to complete its test campaign and start offering commercial service on its suborbital spaceplane for paying space tourists.

While those flights go just past the edge of space to a few dozen miles high, NASA’s scientists and engineers will be focused on a far more distant destination, a million miles from Earth. There, the James Webb Space Telescope would begin to unfurl itself in delicate maneuvers after it was launched on Christmas Day on an Arianespace Ariane 5 rocket. NASA says there are 344 potential “single-point failures” and if anything goes wrong there is no way to send a repair crew.

But if it works, the telescope would be able to capture light from more than 13 billion years ago as the beginning of the formation of the universe.

The telescope has been called an Apollo moment for science and could start answering some of astronomy’s biggest questions about how the universe began.

“The whole point of this is to see the unseen universe,” John M. Grunsfeld, former head of science at NASA, recently told The Post. “James Webb will be able to see phenomena that Hubble can’t see, that ground-based telescopes can’t see. What are we going to discover that we had no idea was there?”

Published : December 28, 2021

By : The Washington Post

Ready to ride the wave of Meta-Changes and disruption?

#SootinClaimon.Com : ขอบคุณแหล่งข้อมูล : หนังสือพิมพ์ The Nation.


The Metaverse has unlimited potential to transform and disrupt every industry and human life, according to Metaverse Unlimited, Thailands first global online forum on the issue, organised by Translucia in Bangkok.

Ready to ride the wave of Meta-Changes and disruption?

The new tech is expected to evolve changes impacting the pace of the economy, society, education, public health, and peace-making movement, said group of prominent futuristic world experts, including Cathy Hackl who is known as ‘The Godmother of Metaverse’, during the ‘Metaverse Unlimited’ forum held between December 15-16.  

PP-Pat Pataranutaporn, a Thai Futurist and Graduate Research Assistant at MIT Media Lab, said the immersive potential of future tech can lead to where a single device can process, identify problems, find solutions, and produce a physical potion. 

PP also suggests that artificial intelligence (AI) can help revolutionize education. 

“Children can be taught by AI-generated historical figures, such as Albert Einstein and Harry Potter. The use of AI-generated characters would enhance motivation in online learning and offer students a tutor they have a connection to,” PP added.

Ready to ride the wave of Meta-Changes and disruption?

Jeremy Bailenson, Founding Director of the Virtual Human Interaction Lab at Stanford University and a leading authority on virtual reality (VR) technology, said VR can positively lead to social development as it allows them to do things they can’t do in the real world.

“It changes the way you think about others,” Bailenson said, adding that VR is “a tool to help you rethink the world.”

David Bray, Principal at LeadDoAdapt Ventures and Distinguished Fellow at both the Stimson Centre and Atlantic Council, pointed out that Metaverse technology can be a tool to promote peace and solve social problems. 

He added the Metaverse allows users to walk in another’s shoes and come to a greater understanding of issues facing people livings in different countries, such as inequalities, conflicts, and discrimination. 

Cathy Hackl, Chief Metaverse Officer and CEO of The Futures Intelligent, said apart from online games, Metaverse can provide benefits in other forms of the entertainment industry, including branding and marketing, to push beyond the limits of the real world. 

Hackl said the Metaverse should be a world for everyone, where all should play the role of builder, develop and effectively use.

“It is not just one technology, and it is not just one company,” she said, “In the Metaverse “no one should feel left behind.” 

Ready to ride the wave of Meta-Changes and disruption?

Speaking of the Metaverse in architecture, the future tech is also used in design to better serve residents’ demands. It also helps preserve cultural heritage, says Saenawee Chatameteewong, Co-founder & Computational Design Director of DesireSynthesis. 

He explained that “man and machine” can co-author projects throughout the process from the beginning as the new tech allows the designer, homeowner, and constructor to walk through every detail of the house in the virtual world.

“Working within the Metaverse will lower the chance of misunderstanding between designer, homeowner and builder, leading to high efficiencies in managing project and cost control,” he said, 

Saenawee added that he envisions a future where traditional craftsmanship can be encoded and preserved in the Metaverse, allowing future generations to better understand Thailand’s cultural history.

Shajay Bhooshan, Associate Director of Zaha Hadid Architects, stated the expanse of the Metaverse will allow architects to build sustainable, user-friendly buildings and cities that protect and enhance the physical world.

Bhooshan added that property developers can tap into the 3 billion-strong gaming community to promote responsible architecture and get people to rethink how they view cities. 

Ready to ride the wave of Meta-Changes and disruption?

Dr Karndee Leopairote, Executive Vice President at FutureTales Lab by Magnolia Quality Development Corporation (FutureTales Lab By MQDC) and Foresight Researcher at Metaverse Unlimited forum, said Dr Jwanwat Ahriyavraromp, CEO and Founder of T&B Media Global (Thailand) and Translucia Metaverse, envisions Translucia as the bridge between the real and virtual worlds. 

She added that this vision could drive positive impacts that matter to all by balancing society and the business economy in line with Translucia’s initiative “At Translucia Metaverse, all imaginations will become true.”

Interested people can watch the online forum here.

Published : December 27, 2021